Taj Mahal, the most beautiful stories of love and loyalty
عدد المشاهدات :372
wrote Naglaa Yacout
The Taj Mahal is a magnificent and elegant mausoleum of white marble (white alabaster),
It is a gigantic building that overlooks the city of Accra in northwestern India, which was the capital of the Muslim Mughal Sultans in the thirteenth century.
That is, when the Taj Mahal was built. The Taj Mahal is considered a jewel of architecture; The Islamic past has been influenced by you strongly, and significantly, the groups in its circles, its milieu, their milieu, their ideas, ideas, ideas, or ideas in society, or the ideas about its structure, its milieu in the Islamic heritage, or their ideas, its construction, its milieus, the Islamic heritage , Or serial, or Islam. As this civilization had a great impact on the Indian subcontinent
Reasons for building the Taj Mahal
Emperor Shah Jahan was born in 1592AD, the son of King Jahangir and grandson of King Akbar the Great.
And I found that its just wonderful, wonderful, wonderful, wonderful, wonderful, wonderful, wonderful, wonderful, wonderful, wonderful, wonderful, wonderful, wonderful, wonderful, wonderful.
Arjaman was beautiful, Arjaman Bano Bijim, the daughter of a Persian nobleman, she was born in 1593 AD, Shah Jahan saw her, and he engaged her in 1607 AD, and he officially married her five years later, i.e. 1612 AD.
Let the world’s most popular love story begin. Arjaman Bano Bijim was one of Shahan’s three wives. However, it was his favorite and the dear to his heart and the confidant of his secrets and the place of his trust, so that he gave it for love and indulgence the name Mumtaz Mahal which means the jewel of the palace.
Excellent was the place of Emperor Shahan’s companion, who was the wife, as she traveled with him to the entire Mughal Empire, and in his view was the ideal wife who had no vision or aspiration for political power, and in the year 1630 AD
Mumtaz, who was a trip to her, had died since 1631, giving birth to their fourteenth child, and Emperor Shahan was deeply saddened by her death.
I want someone to cry from her separation
Until he stayed for a whole year in his secluded room inside his palace, and in 1632 AD, gray hair had covered his head, and his back bent, and he tried to get him out, but his eldest daughter tried to get him out of that condition gradually.
Mumtaz Mahal was first buried in Burhanpur, but Burhanpur was not the place her husband wanted to commemorate her memory, and accordingly her body was transferred in a golden coffin to Accra, and placed in a small building on the banks of the Yamuna River.
Until Shah Jehan decided to build the most luxurious mausoleum in the world; To include the remains of his excellent jewel, to perpetuate her memory, a memorial of love and fulfillment of the story of eternal love and beauty unmatched in the world.
Work took on the whole job, and Emperor Shahan named it the Taj Mahal; To bear the name of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, and although their love story ended with the death of Mumtaz Mahal in 1631 AD,
However, their story was embodied in this huge building; To be a living example of eternal love.
The fate of Shah Jehan
Shah Jahan began his sentence by killing his brothers, and he missed his mind to kill him, so he was destined to be deposed from the throne by one of his sons, who is Aurangzeb, Aurangzeb and Aurangzeb in revolt against his father, and even though Shahan ordered Geo to kill his son. His father, and isolated him in the fortress of Accra
Shah Jahan remained isolated until he passed away in 1666 A.D., and his body was placed in a mausoleum next to the mausoleum of his wife Mumtaz.
It was built by King Shah Jahan, the Mughal Emperor (1630 – 1648) to house the remains of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, the third wife, and she is well known to watch him show her love in honor of her memory.
And the word Taj Mahal knowing the name was carried by the princess, and it is Mumtaz Mahal.
Taj Mahal website
The Taj Mahal is located on the southern bank of the Yamuna River in Accra, India, this monumental building resembles one of the greatest features of Mughal architecture; It is a collector between Indian, Persian and Islamic art,
Urban design of the Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal was built of white marble that changes color, and moonlight is on its surface, and this is moonlight on its surface, such as: turquoise, Tibet, lapis lazuli, lisse, jade, and crystal.
Islamic art and architecture in the Taj Mahal
According to Islamic traditions, the Taj Mahal consists mainly of domes and minarets. The height of the central dome in it reached 73 m, surrounded by four small domes, and four minarets in the corners. Verses from the Holy Qur’an were written on the arched entrances to the mausoleum, and the main mawas are of stone Red sandstone, and surrounding the building is a square garden to long quarters filled with water, and there is a mosque of red sandstone, there is a room containing rooms containing a garden built of marble, and decorated with inscriptions and precious stones.
What leads to the Taj Mahal is the materials that went into its creation; Transparent white marble was brought from Rajasthan, jade from Punjab, crystal from China, and turquoise for use, and not from Afghanistan, as for sapphires, the Arabian Peninsula, and in total, white marble was combined with 28 types of gem stones and a slice of precious stones of about 1000 elephants, The total construction pool for the Taj Mahal was approximately 50 million rupees at that time.
Taj Mahal building
The chief architect who designed the Taj Mahal is the Indian engineer Professor Ahmed Lahori, and several engineers are under his supervision.
Twenty thousand people participated in building the Taj Mahal, and this was reflected, and this varied, on the engravings, and the master’s thesis in construction. They came from India, Persia, as well as Iran, Syria, Turkey, and Central Asia, and a list of 671 names was found engraved in a sand wall on the northern side of the river, so that this list was dug by the hands of the freedmen themselves, who contributed to the process; In commemoration of their names throughout history.
With the passage of time and neglect of the Taj Mahal, parts of it collapsed at the beginning of the nineteenth century, and in order to preserve the cultural and artistic heritage of India, Lord Curzon, the British Viceroy, issued his orders to restore the mausoleum, and to restore it to its previous state, and based on appointments for the year 1983 AD, the Taj Mahal was considered – and is still – one The most famous structures in the world, and a stunning symbol of India’s rich history of civilization.
Tourism in the Taj Mahal
The government of the new Indian government to prohibit traffic from approaching the shrine; And the result of that appeared in Japan, and it appeared opposite that in the palace.
Arab Trade in the US Department of Commerce, Preparation of Oil Prices, Pollution Bird.
Now, this mausoleum is one of the most important archaeological monuments that attract tourists from inside and outside India. Where it increases more than 200 thousand tourists annually from outside India, and approximately 2-4 million visitors throughout the year, and the months that are crowded with tourists are the cold months, such as: October, November, and February.
In 1983 the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Alicana, the Seven World Monuments.
The most important references
“Taj Mahal, Wonderful Islamic Civilization”, The Story of Islam,
AB, Sayyidat Al-Amin Al-Hajj (2010-11-30), “Taj Mahal: This is not a grave .. This is a song of alabaster”, The World of Creativity, reviewed on 04-27-2017 behavior.
Shah Jehan, “Knowledge, accessed on 04-28-2017.
“Who designed the Taj Mahal?” Saraya, see it on 04-28-2017. behavior. ^ “History of the establishment of the Taj Mahal”, Taj Mahal, 2014-3-13, retrieved 2017-4-28. It has been edited.
Retrieved April 28, 2017. Modified. ^ ‘The Taj Mahal … a cultural masterpiece takes away